▪ Cell-phone networks had become common throughout Africa. Internet data via cell-phone modem was 10 times faster than HF-Radio, and the modems were 20 times cheaper. This combination rendered HF-Radio-E-Mail obsolete.
▪ Internet for Humanity entered an agreement with Global Marine Networks (GMN) to distribute GMN’s highly compressed/optimized e-mail and web-browsing programs (XGate and XWeb) to humanitarian beneficiaries. XGate/XWeb were designed to work over satellite modems, but they also work with either HF Radio or Cell-modem. Nzola wished to continue working with HF Radio; thus Nzola left Internet for Humanity, and Rob took Internet for Humanity in the direction of cell-modems.